Gynecomastia is the presence of excess fat and/or breast tissue in boys and men. It may affect either or both breasts. It is most widely prevalent in older men, newborns, and boys undergoing puberty.
Causes Of Gynecomastia
The common causes of gynecomastia are as follows.
- Hormones: Natural hormonal imbalances in the body can lead to breast enlargement. Both men and women produce estrogen and testosterone in their bodies. Estrogen is responsible for female secondary sex characters whereas testosterone gives male ones. Over 50 percent of male infants have gynecomastia because of the high estrogen levels in their mother’s body. This subsides in a few weeks. During puberty, hormone imbalances can lead to this condition. Again, it goes away on its own within a couple of years. Gynecomastia, however, is quite common in older men (in the age group of 50 to 80 years) because the testosterone levels start reducing with age.
- Medications: Apart from natural hormone imbalances, several medications can also cause gynecomastia. Antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, medications used to treat prostate cancer and prostate enlargement, among others, can also lead to this condition.
- Health issues: Aging, kidney and liver problems, malnutrition, hyperthyroidism and hypogonadism can all cause gynecomastia.
Treatment For Gynecomastia
Breast reduction surgeries can help reverse the enlarged breasts caused by gynecomastia. The surgery is conducted under general anesthesia and can take between 1 and 3 hours. Depending on the extent of the condition, different techniques can be used. If the primary problem is excessive fat, then liposuction can be a solution. It involves sucking out excess fat through tiny incisions. If there is excessive glandular tissue, then it will have to be cut out. Any excess skin that remains can be removed.
After the surgery, you may experience discomfort in the form of swelling and bruising. Medication can be prescribed, if necessary. You can return to work in a week’s time. But, for several weeks, you may be required to use elastic pressure garments. You will have to avoid strenuous physical activities for about a month.
Interested In Learning More About Male Breast Reduction? Contact Naples Cosmetic Surgery Center
To learn more about any of the procedures we offer, contact us today to schedule an appointment. Our offices are located in Naples, and we can be reached at 239-348-4357. We look forward to hearing from you.